Cardiac Diseases Emergency
Cardiac troponins are currently the most sensitive and specific biochemical markers of myocardial necrosis. There are three types of troponin in heart muscle fibers. Those are troponin-C, -I, and -T. Together they contribute to make cardiac muscle fibers contract.
Creatine Kinase (CK), also known as Creatine Phosphokinase or Phospho-creatine Kinase is an enzyme expressed by various tissues and cell types. Disruption of cell membranes due to hypoxia or other injury releases CK from the cellular cytosol into the systemic circulation.
D-dimer, a degradation product of cross-linked fibrin formed during activation of the coagulation system, is commonly used to exclude thromboembolic disease in outpatients suspected of having deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonaryembolism (PE).
Myoglobin is a promising cardiac marker when other markers such as Creatin Kinase Isoenzyme-MB (CK-MB) and Cardiac Troponin-I (cTn-I) as well as other indicators like clinical signs and ECG are taken into account for diagnosis/confirmation of AMI
American Heart Association (AHA) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a statement regarding use of C reactive protein to assess risk of cardiovascular diseases.
Higher concentration of soluble ST2 is associated with increased myocardial fibrosis, adverse cardiac remodeling, andworse cardiovascular outcomes.
NT-proBNP immunoassays are widely used and are now considered to be a useful marker and have a high degree of diagnostic accuracy in clinical practice and cardiovascular research as a diagnostic tool for the occurrence and severity of heart failure (HF).
The elevated levels of PSA in male blood are known to be associated with some prostatic disorders such as prostatitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or prostate cancer
A great increase of AFP concentration in several malignant diseases mostly is primary hepatocellular carcinoma and non-seminomatous testicular cancer. Some 70-90% of patients with primary hepatocellular carcinoma and non-seminomatous testicular cancer have been observed to have high levels of AFP.
Levels of CEA are significantly lower in colon tissue of adults, but can become elevated when inflammation or tumors’ arise in any endodermal tissue, including in the gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract, pancreas and breast.
Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in the world, with about 1 million new cases and more than 500, 000 deaths per year. Screening method for colorectal cancer include the immuno chromatography fecal occult blood (iFOB) test, barium enema, sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy.
Healthcare Associated Infection
FLU A/B + RSV
MRSA/SA MULTI SWAB
Diabetes - Cystatin C
Diabetes - HbA1c
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Woman/ Maternity Health
Group B Streptococcus